A day before the arrest of Kosovo Border Police members occurred, the European Union rule of law mission “EULEX” released 5 workers of the Serbian MIA (Ministry of Interior Affairs), arrested during the previous days by the Kosovo Police.
Pristina, KOSOVO – by Vedat Xhymshiti
Later Serbian gendarmerie units in the northeastern Kosovo-Serbia administrative line bordering Merdare, arrested two armed policemen, who were hand cuffed, disarmed and transported to the enforcement authority of the Republic of Serbia, located in 48-hour detention.
Reactions of the Kosovo government were swift, saying Serbia attacked directly to the constitutional order of Kosovo.
But, institutions themselves have accepted the legitimacy of the Serbian security authorities in Kosovo. Administrative line between Kosovo and Serbia in its 6 points is part of military-technical agreement between Serb forces and NATO signed in June 1999 in Kumanovo, FYR-Macedonia.
All these documents including the agreement for the integrated management of boundaries with Serbia have signed and accepted by the Kosovo government institutions.
Moreover, Serbia is expected to hold general elections in her former province, which is being administered internationally as legal political executive bodies in Kosovo.
The KFOR-led international community is provisionally controlling Kosovo’s sovereignty, while every single political development in Kosovo is dependent on the response of the Serbian authorities based in Belgrade. Critics of the foreign diplomats in Kosovo claim they are working in cahoots with the local politicians and supporting organized crime and political mafia.
One critic, on condition of anonymity, said the diplomats from international community are bringing money in Kosovo in the name of donations, while taking them back in their own pocket. “They insist they’re doing this for the sake of cooperation and helping Kosovo, as they claim, “gain its freedom, prosperity, democracy and finally, the most wanted independence,” the source said while declining to give his name on security grounds.
The country, having been under the protection of the United Nations until its declaration of independence, took the first steps toward a brand new future. Costa Rica is one of first countries to recognize Kosovo’s independence, than U. S. A, to continue with France, Afghanistan, Albania and Turkey ect.
Serbia had taken the issue of unilateral declaration of independence of Kosovo to the ICJ three years ago, believing that the court’s advisory opinion would back its claim that such a move has breached the international law.
The International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled that Kosovo’s 2008 declaration of independence did not violate international law.
The strongest disputer of this ruling, Serbia’s ministry of foreign affairs, has emphasized numerous times that it will consider the decision as irrelevant if it doesn’t satisfy its interests. This, a clear indicator about Serbian policy of just buying time while taking such initiatives as this court case.
Kosovo is in limbo; supported by the United States and the EU heavyweights, but with its path to UN membership firmly barred by Russia and China on the Security Council, with a clear majority of countries that either oppose or haven’t decided yet about its recognition.
The landlocked country of 2 million people, mostly ethnic Albanians, is among the poorest in Europe, swallowing over 4 billion Euros in aid since the war with Belgrade ended in 1999.
Despite its rich mineral resources, the main source of income is agriculture. Kosovo has an ethnic Albanian population of two million. Due to Serbs leaving Kosovo after 1999, there are only 100 thousand Serbs left. The Serbian minority lives in closed regions under the administration of the NATO Peacekeeping forces.
The EU-mediated dialogue between Belgrade and Pristina started in March 2011 in order to normalize relations between Kosovo and Serbia, both of which hope to join the EU one day. The two sides have reached deals on trade, freedom of movement, cadastral registry and mutual recognition of university diplomas.
Under the regime of former Serbian leader Slobodan Milosevic, Belgrade in 1990 put an end to decades of broad autonomy for Kosovo Albanians and introduced direct rule in the province, where minority Serbs led all institutions.
Calls for renewal of autonomy by ethnic Albanians were rejected. This led to armed rebellion by Kosovo Albanian groups, followed by stern Serbian repression in 1998 and 1999. The international response came by way of 11 weeks of NATO bombing of Serbian installations.
The war in Kosovo erupted in 1998 when Serbia launched a brutal crackdown against the Albanian civilians, as
well as people fighting for liberation of their country from Serbia.
The UN administration was introduced after 11 weeks of NATO bombardment of Serbia due to Belgrade’s repression against two million Kosovo Albanians.
Kosovo is the state, which is the last to emerge from the remains of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia. However Russia, Serbia’s old-time ally, has blocked a United Nations Security Council resolution on the country’s independence and emergence as a free state.
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